A construction defect can range from architectural flaws to construction deficiencies. Whether these problems arise from a faulty product or how something is installed, maintained or operated, they can be frustrating.
Construction defects can sometimes result in immediate damage, but other times it may take years. When accusations of such defects arise, it is crucial to understand how failures and deficiencies occur to identify liable parties. Here are some of the most common construction defects.
1. Design problems
Architects and engineers may not perform their responsibilities properly when designing buildings or systems. This type of defect usually occurs when something is built outside of the code. One common example is a roofing defect that causes poor drainage, water penetration, inadequate structural support or intrusion.
2. Inferior materials
A building constructed with poor materials can result in serious problems. According to the Brick Underground, a real estate tips publication, a window leak is a common construction defect resulting from faulty materials. A window may leak because of rough framing, improper flashing or racked window frames. Other common manufacturer issues include deteriorating water membranes, problems with particle board or asphalt roofing shingles and inferior drywall.
3. Poor workmanship
Failure to adequately construct a building can result in various problems and damages. For example, water may infiltrate part of the building and make it easy for mold to grow. Other issues include cracks in walls or foundations, electrical problems, dry rot, pest infestation or plumbing leaks.
4. Inadequate maintenance
If the owner of a building fails to properly use or maintain the structure, it can cause multiple issues. For example, keeping the HVAC temperature too low during the winter may cause pipes to freeze. Another example is failing to maintain an exterior sealant, causing water to get in.
Any of these defects can lead to monumental problems. Certain problems can go unnoticed for a long time but may have already caused extensive and expensive damage when they become apparent.